A technical article is a scientific paper in which a specific problem is addressed. One of the distinguishing features of a scientific article is that it is not only descriptive, but above all analytical.
Trade journals and reference works
This means that in a journal article a problem is not simply described but examined, compared, reviewed, discussed and justified from different points of view. Scientific articles appear, for example, in journals or in scientific anthologies and reference works.
However, pupils and students also learn to write articles in the form of written homework. These are based on scientific work and are intended to convey the basic way of working.
Write instructions and structure for the article
Anyone wishing to write a successful journal article can follow the general guidelines for scientific papers. This manual essentially specifies the structural structure of a specialist article and thus helps to organize the specialist article in such a way that a red thread becomes recognizable.
A journal article is divided into three major sections, the introductory part, the main part and the concluding part, each of which is divided into individual chapters and comprises different contents:
The first part of the article contains an abstract, the introduction and the synopsis.
An abstract is a kind of short abstract that reproduces the content of the specialist article in a concise and succinct manner. This means that the most important theses and the key messages are presented in a nutshell. The purpose of the introduction is to show the reader what to expect in the following and to introduce him to the subject. As part of the introduction, the research question is formulated and the motivation for the scientific article is named. The table of contents shows the structure of the specialist article.
The main part of the technical article is usually divided into a theoretical and a methodological part.
In the theoretical part the question is described and the results are shown, checked, compared with each other and discussed with arguments.
In the methodological part, the author shows which methods, measures, means and tools he has used to work on the question.
The final section essentially contains a summary and a conclusion.
This means that the author tackles the problem and summarizes the most important arguments and results in a concise way.
He also describes which further questions have arisen, which problems have remained unresolved or where and in what form the findings can be applied. The conclusion is a bibliography that lists all cited and used sources.
In addition to the instructions for the structure and structure of a specialist article, there are also tips that relate to the content:
If the author wants to write a meaningful and successful article, he should consider three main aspects, the key words being demarcation, gap and evidence. Delineation means that the paper deals with a question that is clear and concise and precisely defined, so readers can clearly see what the author is writing about.
Gap refers to the processing of the question. This means that the paper has to present aspects and results of the research that have not yet been said or have not yet been discussed from these perspectives.
Evidence suggests that a journal article must contain information that can be used to verify that the statements and theses are correct or false.