The commentary is a journalistic form of presentation through which the author expresses his personal and judgmental opinion on a particular topic. While other journalistic types of text such as news, news, interviews or reports objectively and neutrally inform about a topic, the comment belongs to the group of opinionated articles.
This means, in the context of a commentary, the author complements the commented article with background information, analyzes, interpretations and the presentation of contradictions and consequences and on this basis presents his personal attitude.
A special form of commentary is the editorial.
This shows the political tendency of a newspaper, is on the first page and is usually written by the chief editor. Comments are usually written on current events, developments and trends in the fields of politics, economics, society, sports or culture.
Instructions and structure for a comment
Basically, however, any message can be commented on and also with regard to the structural structure or the writing style there is no rigid guidance and no fixed rules.
Nevertheless, comments can be divided into three main groups:
An argumentation commentary focuses on arguments. This means that the author uses factual arguments that shed light on different sides of the topic while underpinning his own opinion.
The either / or comment is similar to a discussion. The author shows the connections of the topic and weighs pros and cons. The opinion on such a comment may vary, either in the form of a judgment, a compromise or the fact that the author does not draw a clear position.
The third variant is the straight-line commentary. Here the author comes straight to the point and expresses his opinion without much introduction or argumentation. As a rule, an intelligible, clear and clear language is used, by which the author expresses his praise or blame, his enthusiasm or indignation.
Even if a comment gives the impression that it can be written fairly quickly and easily, this assumption is a fallacy.
If you want to write a comment, you have to do a lot of preliminary work.
This includes, on the one hand, researching, learning the links between the subject and linking them together and informing one another about existing opinions in public. On the other hand, the author must recognize the significance of his responsibility, because by commenting he influences the opinion of the reader about an event or a question.
In addition, the author must be clear about which and whether he wants to take a clear position. So it is easier to have an opinion on a current political decision than, for example, ethical issues.
A comment is essentially divided into two parts:
First, there follows an introduction that briefly and concisely informs about the facts, and then comes a logically structured argumentation, which finally ends in a comprehensible and understandable conclusion.
In order to convincingly express one’s own opinion and convince, provoke, or encourage the reader to think for themselves, the author can draw on some tips and tricks. Popular means in comments include rhetorical questions, irony, exaggerations, ambiguous terms or metaphors.
Anyone who wants to write a comment and publish, but should be aware that he stands for it with his name. In that sense, he should first consider how vulnerable he wants to make himself.